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1.2 How To Tune The Guitar For Standard Tuning [EADGBE]:

Musical Notes:

C D E F G A B C

Do re mi fa sol la si do

Name of the Guitar Strings (open strings):

E – First string, thinner string

B – Second string
G – Third string
D – Fourth string

A – Fifth string

E - Sixth string, thicker string

It’s a very good idea to purchase an electronic tuner at this point in order to help you keep your instrument in tune
For the best results, you should tune the guitar before playing each time.

1.3 How To Read Tablatures:

A tablature staff for guitar has six horizontal lines, each one representing a string of the instrument. The top line of the tablature represents your first "E" string (thinner string), the second line from the top represents your "B" string, etc.

E--------------------------

B--------------------------

G--------------------------

D--------------------------

A--------------------------

E--------------------------

 

 

Notice that there are numbers located in the middle of the lines (strings). The numbers simply represent the fret you should play. For example, in the illustration below, the tablature is telling you to play the third string - G (third line) seventh fret.

E--------------------------

B--------------------------

G------------7-------------

D--------------------------

A--------------------------

E--------------------------

Note: When the number "0" is used in tablature indicates that the open string should be played.

1.4 Coordination Exercise:

E--1-2-3-4----------------------------------------

B----------1-2-3-4--------------------------------

G------------------1-2-3-4------------------------

D--------------------------1-2-3-4----------------

A----------------------------------1-2-3-4--------

E------------------------------------------1-2-3-4

E------------------------------------------1-2-3-4

B----------------------------------1-2-3-4--------

G--------------------------1-2-3-4----------------

D------------------1-2-3-4------------------------

A----------1-2-3-4--------------------------------

E--1-2-3-4----------------------------------------

Exercise Hints:

Pluck up and down with your pick.


Start really slowly and then try to be faster.

Place each finger correctly (first fret with finger number 1, second fret with finger 2...etc).

Play with even rhythm (try to imitate the tic toc of a clock).

1.5 Whole Step and Half Step Theory:

Whole step: Two frets on your guitar Half step: One fret on your guitar

C w D w E h F w G w A w B h C


Observation: The only notes that have half steps between them are E to F

and B to C.

Notes on Your Guitar:

0  1  2  3  4  5  6   7 8  9  10  11   12  13  14  15  16

E--F-----G-----A------B-C------D-------E---F-------G-----

B--C-----D-----E--F-----G------A-------B---C-------D-----

G-----A-----B--C------D----E---F-------G-------A-------B-

D-----E--F-----G------A----B---C-------D-------E---F-----

A-----B--C-----D------E-F------G-------A-------B---C-----

E--F-----G-----A------B-C------D-------E---F-------G-----

1.6 Major Chords:

E------0------- E------2------- E------3------

B------1------- B------3------- B------3------

G------0------- G------2------- G------0------

D------2------- D------0------- D------0------

A------3------- A------x------- A------2------

E------x------- E------x------- E------3------

C Major Chord   D Major Chord   G Major Chord 

Use the sequences below to practice switching from chord to chord:

1- C / C / D / C / G / C
2- C / D / C / D / G / C
3- C / G / D / C / D / C

1.7 Finger Picking:

E-----------0--------------

B--------0-----0-----------

G-----0-----------0--------

D--------------------------

A--------------------------

E--0-----------------0-----

E-----------0--------------

B--------1-----1-----------

G-----0-----------0--------

D--------------------------

A--3-----------------3-----

E--------------------------


Use your fingers on the right hand for this exercise:

P = Thumb
I = Index finger
M = Middle finger

A = Ring finger

1.8 Flats and Sharps Theory:

Flats – lower the note half step (symbol = b)

Sharp – raises the note half step (symbol = #)

Notes on Your Guitar with Sharps:
0   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9    10  11    12

E---F---F#--G---G#--A---A#--B---C---C#---D---D#----E-

B---C---C#--D---D#--E---F---F#--G---G#---A---A#----B-

G---G#--A---A#--B---C---C#--D---D#--E----F---F#----G-

D---D#--E---F---F#--G---G#--A---A#--B----C---C#----D-

A---A#--B---C---C#--D---D#--E---F---F#---G---G#----A-

E---F---F#--G---G#--A---A#--B---C---C#---D---D#----E-

Notes on Your Guitar with Flats:

0   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9    10  11   12

E---F---Gb--G---Ab--A---Bb--B---C---Db---D---Eb---E-

B---C---Db--D---Eb--E---F---Gb--G---Ab---A---Bb---B-

G---Ab--A---Bb--B---C---Db--D---Eb--E----F---Gb---G-

D---Eb--E---F---Gb--G---Ab--A---Bb--B----C---Db---D-

A---Bb--B---C---Db--D---Eb--E---F---Gb---G---Ab---A-

E---F---Gb--G---Ab--A---Bb--B---C---Db---D---Eb---E-

1.9 Blues Riff:

E------------------------------

B------------------------------

G---0--0---5--0---3--0---------

D---0--0---5--0---3--0---------

A------------------------------

E------------------------------

E------------------------------

B------------------------------

G---0--5--3--0---0--0---0--0---

D---0--5--3--0---0--0---0--0---

A------------------------------

E------------------------------

E------------------------------

B------------------------------

G---0--3--0--5--0--3---0-------

D---0--3--0--5--0--3---0-------

A------------------------------

E------------------------------

Create your own variations!

1.10 New Major Chords:

E-------0------

B-------2------

G-------2------

D-------2------

A-------0------

E-------x------

A Major Chord 

E-------0------

B-------0------

G-------1------

D-------2------

A-------2------

E-------0------

E Major Chord 

Practice C, D, G, A, and E major chords using the different sequences below and try to create your own sequences for now on.

1- G / D/ C / D/ E / A / E

2- C / G / A / E / C / G / C

3- A / G / D / A / E / E / A

1.11 Minor Chords:

E------0------- E------1------- E------0------

B------1------- B------3------- B------0------

G------2------- G------2------- G------0------

D------2------- D------0------- D------2------

A------0------- A------x------- A------2------

E------x------- E------x------- E------0------

A Minor Chord   D Minor Chord   E Minor Chord

Now that you know the most common major and minor chords, keep practicing the changes and try to memorize all of the chords.

Remember the different between the sound of Major Chords x Minor Chords:

Major Chords = Happy Sound

Minor Chords = Sad Sound

1.12 Coordination Exercise:

E--------------------------------------------------

B--------------------------------------------------

G--------------------------------------------------

D----------------------------------0-3-4-5-5-4-3---

A--0-3-4-5-5-4-3---0-3-4-5-5-4-3-------------------

E--------------------------------------------------

E--------------------------------------------------

B--------------------------------------------------

G--------------------------------------------------

D—-0-3-4-5-5-4-3-----------------------------------

A------------------0-3-4-5-5-4-3---0-3-4-5-5-4-3---

E--------------------------------------------------

E--------------------------------------------------

B--------------------------------------------------

G--------------------------------------------------

D—-0-3-4-5-5-4-3---0-3-4-5-5-4-3---0-5-6-7-7-6-5---

A--------------------------------------------------

E--------------------------------------------------

E--------------------------------------------------

B--------------------------------------------------

G--------------------------------------------------

D—-0-3-4-5-5-4-3---------------------0-5-6-7-------

A—-----------------0-3-4-5-5-4-3-0-----------------

E---------------------------------------------5----

1.13 Metronome Exercise:

E---------5----------

B--5-6-8-----8-6-----

G--------------------

D--------------------

A--------------------

E--------------------

E---------5-7-8-7-5----------

B--5-6-8-------------8-6-----

G----------------------------

D----------------------------

A----------------------------

E----------------------------

E---------5----------------5-7-8-7-5---------

B--5-6-8-----8-6-5--5-6-8------------8-6-5---

G--------------------------------------------

D--------------------------------------------

A--------------------------------------------

E--------------------------------------------

Hints:

Pluck up and down with your pick Start really slowly and then try to be faster Use the metronome!!!

1.14 Two Finger Power Chords:

E-------x------

B-------x------

G-------x------

D-------x------

A-------7------

E-------5------

        A

Three Finger Power Chords:

E-------x------

B-------x------

G-------x------

D-------7------

A-------7------

E-------5------

        A 


Hint: Power Chords are moveable shapes!

E-------x------

B-------x------

G-------x------

D-------4------

A-------2------

E-------x------

        B

E-------x------

B-------x------

G-------4------

D-------4------

A-------2------

E-------x------

        B

1.15 Barre Chords:

E------1-------

B------1-------

G------2-------

D------3-------

A------3-------

E------1-------

F Major Chord 

E------2------

B------4------

G------4------

D------4------

A------2------

E------x------

B Major Chord 

These are considered challenging chords to learn. Practice them a lot with simple strokes and then try to add more difficult strokes. After that, try to mix them with the chords that you already know.

Sequence exercises: 

1- C / F / G / C / F / G / C

2- E / A / B / B / A / B / E

1.16 Minor Barre Chords:

E-------3------

B-------4------

G-------5------

D-------5------

A-------3------

E-------x------

C minor Chord 

E-------1------

B-------1------

G-------1------

D-------3------

A-------3------

E-------1------

F minor Chord 

E-------3------

B-------3------

G-------3------

D-------5------

A-------5------

E-------3------

G minor Chord 

E-------2------

B-------3------

G-------4------

D-------4------

A-------2------

E-------x------

B minor Chord 

Keep practicing the chord changes; try to mix majors with minors; and also try to come up with your own way to stroke the strings.

1 - C / F / C / G / Am / G / Bm / C / G

2 – Cm / Gm / F / E / F / Gm / F / Cm

1.17 Bends:

E-------------------------- E--------------------------

B-------------------------- B--------------------------

G---7-9----7-9----7-9------ G---7b9----7b9----7b9------

D-------------------------- D--------------------------

A-------------------------- A--------------------------

E-------------------------- E--------------------------

E-------------------------- E--------------------------

B-------5-------5---------- B-------5-5------5-5-------

G---7b9-----7b9------------ G---7b9-------7b9----------

D-------------------------- D--------------------------

A-------------------------- A--------------------------

E-------------------------- E--------------------------

E-------------------------- E--------------------------

B-------5-8------5-8------- B-------8-5------8-5-------

G---7b9-------7b9---------- G---7b9-------7b9----------

D-------------------------- D--------------------------

A-------------------------- A--------------------------

E-------------------------- E--------------------------

B = Bends

1.18 Hammer On & Pull Off:

E---6-H-7--------------------------------------

B----------1-H-3-------------------------------

G-----------------5-H-8------------------------

D------------------------3—H-4-----------------

A-------------------------------1-H—3----------

E--------------------------------------7-H—10--

E---7-P-6--------------------------------------

B----------3-P-1-------------------------------

G-----------------8-P-5------------------------

D------------------------4-P-3-----------------

A-------------------------------3-P-1----------

E--------------------------------------10-P-7--

H = Hammer On P = Pull Off

1.19 Slide & Vibratos Exercise:

E-3/5~~—5/8~~--------------------------------------

B------------3/5~~---------------------------------

G-----------------5/7~~----------------------------

D----------------------5/7~~--—--------------------

A---------------------------7/5—-3/5~~--—----------

E-------------------------------------3/5/8~~--—---

/ = Slide
~~ = Vibrato

1.20 C Major Scale:


C D E F G A B C = W W H W W W H

E--------------------------------------------------

B--------------------------------------------------

G------------------2--4--5-------------------------

D--------2--3--5-----------------------------------

A—-3--5--------------------------------------------

E--------------------------------------------------

If you extend it using with the same letter names you will have:

E-------------------------------------------3--5---

B----------------------------------3--5--6---------

G-------------------------2--4--5------------------

D----------------2--3--5---------------------------

A--------2—-3--5-----------------------------------

E--3--5--------------------------------------------

Memorize this scale.

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